U.S. Trade to GDP Ratio 1970-2022

Trade is the sum of exports and imports of goods and services measured as a share of gross domestic product.
  • U.S. trade to gdp ratio for 2020 was 23.44%, a 2.93% decline from 2019.
  • U.S. trade to gdp ratio for 2019 was 26.37%, a 1.22% decline from 2018.
  • U.S. trade to gdp ratio for 2018 was 27.59%, a 0.34% increase from 2017.
  • U.S. trade to gdp ratio for 2017 was 27.25%, a 0.66% increase from 2016.
Data Source: World Bank

MLA Citation:
Similar Country Ranking
Country Name Trade (% of GDP)
Luxembourg 376.30%
Hong Kong 350.73%
Singapore 331.73%
San Marino 304.90%
Malta 285.83%
Ireland 239.95%
Seychelles 176.74%
Slovak Republic 169.95%
UAE 162.21%
Belgium 158.68%
Hungary 155.94%
Cyprus 154.09%
Slovenia 146.54%
Netherlands 145.30%
Estonia 141.87%
Bahrain 139.81%
Lithuania 137.72%
Czech Republic 135.15%
Aruba 129.27%
Macao 121.25%
Latvia 119.70%
Switzerland 115.89%
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 114.96%
Brunei 110.29%
Cayman Islands 106.35%
Poland 105.58%
Denmark 103.31%
Austria 100.00%
Faroe Islands 97.15%
Antigua and Barbuda 91.53%
Croatia 90.81%
Qatar 90.02%
Greenland 85.20%
Sweden 84.52%
Germany 81.11%
Oman 81.05%
Portugal 76.18%
Panama 74.08%
Bermuda 71.66%
Greece 71.58%
Finland 71.28%
South Korea 69.22%
Iceland 69.18%
Barbados 66.29%
Norway 65.33%
Guam 64.10%
Canada 60.78%
Spain 59.77%
Bahamas 59.46%
Chile 58.50%
France 57.77%
United Kingdom 56.43%
Italy 55.40%
Saudi Arabia 52.08%
Israel 51.41%
Uruguay 45.82%
New Zealand 44.22%
Australia 44.04%
Japan 31.36%
Argentina 30.15%
United States 23.44%
U.S. Trade to GDP Ratio - Historical Data
Year Trade (% of GDP) Annual Change
2020 23.44% -2.93%
2019 26.37% -1.22%
2018 27.59% 0.34%
2017 27.25% 0.66%
2016 26.59% -1.23%
2015 27.81% -2.19%
2014 30.00% 0.00%
2013 30.00% -0.68%
2012 30.68% -0.16%
2011 30.84% 2.62%
2010 28.22% 3.46%
2009 24.76% -5.11%
2008 29.87% 1.86%
2007 28.01% 1.04%
2006 26.98% 1.34%
2005 25.64% 1.19%
2004 24.45% 1.82%
2003 22.63% 0.34%
2002 22.29% -0.68%
2001 22.97% -2.14%
2000 25.10% 1.79%
1999 23.31% 0.49%
1998 22.83% -0.60%
1997 23.43% 0.74%
1996 22.69% 0.23%
1995 22.45% 1.40%
1994 21.06% 1.01%
1993 20.04% 0.09%
1992 19.95% 0.16%
1991 19.79% -0.03%
1990 19.82% 0.40%
1989 19.42% 0.34%
1988 19.07% 1.10%
1987 17.97% 1.08%
1986 16.90% 0.29%
1985 16.60% -0.92%
1984 17.52% 0.86%
1983 16.67% -0.87%
1982 17.54% -1.89%
1981 19.43% -0.68%
1980 20.11% 1.73%
1979 18.38% 1.40%
1978 16.97% 0.55%
1977 16.42% 0.37%
1976 16.05% 0.53%
1975 15.52% -0.93%
1974 16.45% 3.37%
1973 13.08% 1.74%
1972 11.34% 0.58%
1971 10.76% 0.00%
1970 10.76% 0.00%